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His tenure as prime minister was plagued by an economic pattern of low growth, high inflation, growing unemployment, and high external debts and borrowing. Consequently, the Pacific Islander population in New Zealand had grown to 45,413 by 1971, with a substantial number overstaying their visas. [56] The taxes were criticised for being discriminatory, ineffective, and a "quick fix" that precluded necessary fundamental reform of the taxation system (as there were no income tax cuts to reflect the shift to indirect taxation). The aim of total free trade between the two countries was achieved in 1990, five years ahead of schedule. However, his government did not participate in the US-led trade boycott against the Soviet Union because it would have hurt New Zealand's predominantly agricultural export economy. He was frequently at odds with his coworkers, especially the idealistic John Hammond. This soon worsened the balance of payments deficit and inflation, as all of the equipment and technology used was imported. In 1977 he voted against the Contraception, Sterilisation, and Abortion Act 1977 when the issue also came up as a conscience vote. [87] This was exacerbated by media speculation following a leak that an incoming Labour administration would be likely to significantly devalue the NZ dollar upon election. [3] Muldoon had to be persuaded not to make the Springbok Tour an issue in the election,[3] and the National Party's campaign instead focused on Think Big. [72] Many projects had severe budget overruns of as much as ten times their expected costs. Muldoon would represent the Tamaki constituency for the next 32 years. [57], As with other conservative governments during the Cold War, Muldoon adopted an anti-Soviet stance. Robert Muldoon was created on Sept 25, 1921 in Auckland, New Zealand while Robert David Muldoon. After being defeated in the ballot Muldoon was asked whether he was going to be a thorn in McLay's side, to which he replied "More like a little prick. [80], Muldoon initiated a Closer Economic Relations (CER) free trade agreement with Australia to liberalise trade, which came into effect from New Year's Day 1982. [33] This is incapsulated in Sir Richard Wild's judgment, in which he stated that "The Act of Parliament in force required that those deductions and contributions must be made, yet here was the Prime Minister announcing that they need not be made. [6] At the age of five Muldoon slipped while playing on the front gate, damaging his cheek and resulting in a distinctive scar. Simon’s accent betrays his Oxford education. Though Muldoon never accepted her creed, he did develop under her influence a potent ambition, a consuming interest in politics, and an abiding respect for New Zealand's welfare state. His wife Dame Thea Muldoon, died on 24 February 2015, in Meadowbank, at the age of 87. He soon led the National Party to victory and turned a 25-seat deficit into a 19-seat winning margin in the general elections of November 1975. He also argued that allowing their rugby team to tour did not mean supporting apartheid, any more than playing a Soviet Union team meant supporting Communism. So, Kenner released “ Evil Raiders ,” who are criminal poachers invading the island. He called a snap election in 1984, in which National suffered a significant defeat to Labour. This choice was controversial because Holyoake was a sitting Cabinet minister. Robert Muldoon | prime minister of New Zealand | Britannica Robert Muldoon, age 17, per Almorah (2) 1820, Tried at Newgate Dublin, 1820, 7 years, Native of Ballymahon Longford Co. School boy, DOB 1803. Original Robert Muldoon, Vintage Jurassic Park Toys, Action Figure, Kenner Dinosaur Toy JurassicPark Toy, The Lost World Movie SBVintageToys From shop SBVintageToys 5 … [66] No other serious challenge to his leadership occurred in his years as Prime Minister until after the 1984 election. 7 Robert Muldoon (Jurassic Park) Probably the most iconic death in all of the Jurassic Park movies, security advisor Robert Muldoon essentially sacrifices himself to draw the velociraptors away from Dr. Ellie Sattler so that she can restart power to the park and engages in one final hunt with the ultimate predators. Muldoon himself seemed to relish his controversial public profile. [43] The Muldoon government's treatment of overstayers also damaged relations with Pacific countries like Samoa and Tonga, and generated criticism from the South Pacific Forum. [84] Six days before the election, a televised leader's debate was held between Muldoon and David Lange where Muldoon finished the debate by saying "I love you, Mr Lange", a sign of defeat by Muldoon. Muldoon commented on Labour's election promises with "They can’t promise anything because I've spent it all". [47] Ironically, the subsequent 1977 by-election was won by David Lange, and the attention that this got him helped propel him to the leadership of the Labour Party and his landslide victory over Muldoon in the 1984 election. [30] Economic pressures continued to build: Muldoon tried to control spiraling increases in wages and inflation through a trade-off with the trade-union leadership: a reduction in the tax rate in exchange for an agreement not to press for further rounds of wage increases, similar to The Accord reached in Australia in 1983. Muldoon, who was overseas at the time, saw the plotters off with relative ease, especially since Talboys himself was a reluctant draftee. Many white South Africans have EtheyB (talk) 17:37, September 16, 2012 (UTC) Okay, to avoid an edit war, this is how it goes: He's DEAD in the Film Canon, ALIVE in the Novel canon, and ALIVE in the Comics. [58] He also viewed the Moscow-aligned Socialist Unity Party (SUP), a break-away faction from the Communist Party of New Zealand, as a Soviet fifth column that was trying to subvert New Zealand and the South Pacific island states. [83] A journalist commented that a one-month election campaign would not give Muldoon much time to which Muldoon replied, audibly slurring his words, "It doesn't give my opponents much time to run up to an election, does it?". Patrick Muldoon is an actor and musician. To some observers it might seem inconceivable that the cause of this unrest was the visit to New Zealand of the South African rugby team (the Springboks). It was established in 1840 by Governor William Hobson as the capital…. Here he argues with Prime Minister Robert Muldoon in a notorious 1976 television confrontation. [30] New Zealand's economy contracted again by 3% and unemployment hit 5.1% by 1983, and net emigration remained high.[30]. [55] However, in May 1979 he attempted to increase tax revenue by levying 10% to 20% taxes on a wide range of goods, including petrol, lawnmowers, caravans and boats. There are 60+ professionals named "Robert Muldoon", who use LinkedIn to exchange information, ideas, and opportunities. He lived through the Fourth Labour Government's neo-liberal reforms, known as Rogernomics, and to his horror – to see his own man, Bolger, take up the same baton after winning the landslide election of 1990 in the form of "Ruthanasia", named after Finance Minister Ruth Richardson. [28] Muldoon overwhelmed Rowling, reversing the 32–55 Labour majority to a 55–32 National majority. [39] Since the 1950s, the New Zealand government had encouraged substantial emigration from several Pacific countries including Samoa, Tonga, and Fiji to fill a labour shortage caused by the post–war economic boom. Historically, Britain has so often on great occasions thrown up the leader that the occasion demanded. Serving as a corporal and sergeant in the army in the Second World War,[1] Muldoon completed his training as an accountant and returned to New Zealand as its first fully qualified cost accountant. [102], Curiously, he also became patron of the Black Power gang for whom he had created work schemes and advised on the better treatment of women and children associated with the gang. [21] As a result, Muldoon was credited with the better economic performance New Zealand enjoyed, raising his profile among the public. Despite the turmoil over the Springbok Tour, Muldoon's Government won the subsequent 1981 election, held on 28 November. As a result Muldoon was facing criticism from the opposition as well as within his own There are 32 robert muldoon for sale on Etsy, and they cost $18.07 on average. Brash lost the by-election to Social Credit's Gary Knapp, a major upset and a blow for Muldoon's leadership. The relationship between the two bottomed out when Muldoon criticised the entire party leadership, forcing McLay to demote him to the lowest rank in the National caucus. [86] However, Waring said that she would not have denied Muldoon confidence or supply. After completing his secondary education, Muldoon joined the army in World War II (1940) and learned accounting, serving in the South Pacific and in Italy. Well you're in luck, because here they come. He was a famous white hunter from Nairobi and a consultant for wildlife preserves and zoos. [17] The book was to be reprinted four times and sell 28,000 copies.[17]. Research genealogy for Robert Gilmour Muldoon of East Kilbride, Lanarkshire, , Scotland, as well as other members of the Muldoon family, on Ancestry®. During the late 1960s and early 1970s, New Zealand's economy had significantly declined due to several international developments: a decline in international wool prices in 1966, Britain joining the European Economic Community in 1973 (which deprived New Zealand of its formerly most important export market), and the 1973 oil crisis. [51] As a result of the appointment, Holyoake resigned from Parliament, resulting in the Pahiatua by-election of 1977. However, he continued to openly agitate against McLay, refusing to withdraw into an "elder statesman" role as McLay wanted. [70], Muldoon's third term was tumultuous. Muldoon led his party to two additional election victories in 1978 and 1981. At Princeton University he is both the Howard G. B. Clark '21 University Professor in the Humanities and Founding Chair of the Lewis Center for the Arts. [24], When Holyoake stood down in 1972, Muldoon challenged Marshall for the top job; he lost by a narrow margin, but won unanimous election as deputy leader of the National Party and hence Deputy Prime Minister.[25]. This was mostly due to Muldoon's own realistic view on Velociraptors and overall unromantic view of animals. "[2] His government immediately faced problems with the economy; a recession from June 1976 to March 1978 caused New Zealand's economy to shrink 4.1% and unemployment to rise 125%. Muldoon, along with Duncan MacIntyre and Peter Gordon who entered parliament in the same year, became known as the "Young Turks" because of their criticism of the party's senior leadership. Years later, Muldoon admitted that the freeze was a political mistake. In Western Christianity, this event is The "Muldoon Years" were to feature Muldoon's obstinate and resourceful attempts to maintain New Zealand's "cradle to the grave" welfare state, dating from 1935, in the face of a changing world. [36] Justice Stephen Kós has also stated that the "increase, without contribution, was utterly unsustainable."[37]. In such systems, the prime minister—literally the “first,” or most important, minister—must be able to command a continuous majority in the legislature (usually the lower house in a…, Auckland, city, north-central North Island, New Zealand. We see the Falklands as British territory and the Falklands Islanders as subjects of our Queen. Muldoon relished the opportunity to match up against Kirk – but had it for only a short time, until Kirk's sudden unexpected death on 31 August 1974. [71] This dam was described to symbolise "fortress New Zealand."[71]. In his first term (1975–1978) Muldoon focused on reducing expenditure, but struggled with the growing cost of his own superannuation scheme,[23] partly due to the many tax rebates and exemptions he passed for lower income earners. In 1961 he was one of ten National MPs to cross the floor and vote with the Opposition to remove capital punishment for murder from the Crimes Bill that the Second National Government had introduced. [15] He returned to New Zealand after the war as the country's first fully qualified cost accountant, having worked in a chartered accountancy firm in the United Kingdom for a year.[15]. [42] Muldoon's government accelerated and increased the Kirk government's police raids against Pacific overstayers. [55] The boat and caravan levies, in particular, crippled both industries, as potential buyers could not afford the 20% tax on top of the construction costs, resulting in additional unemployment as workers were laid off. Robert Muldoon and the National Party coming into power saw an increase of prejudice and discrimination towards Polynesians. He was succeeded in his seat by John Falloon. [36] The United States' superannuation for a married couple was effectively 49% of the average wage rate, and 40% in Australia and 38% in Britain; however, New Zealand's was set at 80%. [36] Therefore, by 1981 the spending on this scheme had doubled, and made up 17.3% of the government's budget. [10] But in 1960 he won election as MP for the suburban Auckland electorate of Tamaki, winning against Bob Tizard, who had taken the former National seat in 1957. Despite his antagonism towards the Soviet Union and domestic Communist movements, Muldoon's government still maintained economic relations with the Soviet Union. Muldoon was to remain Minister of Finance for 14 of the next 17 years;[21] at 45, he became the youngest Minister of Finance since the 1890s. [103] Members paid him solemn respect by performing a haka during his funeral in 1992. In 1982, Muldoon's government supported the British in the Falklands War. Muldoon continued to undermine McLay until 1986, when McLay was ousted in turn by his own deputy (and Muldoon's preferred candidate), Jim Bolger, who had served as Minister of Labour for the latter half of Muldoon's term as Prime Minister. Muldoon's favoured candidate was Sue Wood, at the time National's Vice President and later party President. [54], Muldoon initially opposed indirect consumer taxation on the basis that it would penalise poor people and increase inflation due to compensatory wage increases. Thereafter, as a successful accountant and president of the New Zealand Institute of Cost Accountants (1956), Muldoon was elected a member of Parliament (1960) and served as minister of tourism (1967), minister of finance (1967–72), deputy prime minister (1972), and leader of the opposition (1974–75). Muldoon served successively as Minister of Tourism (1967), Minister of Finance (1967–1972), and Deputy Prime Minister (1972). Facebook gives people the power … [20], The Holyoake government was again re-elected at the 1966 general election. Economic policies of the Muldoon Government included national superannuation, wage and price freezes, industrial incentives, and the Think Big industrial projects. [104], This article is about the New Zealand politician. I wasn’t even a working journalist when Sir Robert Muldoon uttered the famous line, “I love you, Mr Lange“. In foreign policy, Muldoon adopted an anti-Soviet stance and re-emphasised New Zealand's defence commitments to the United States and Australia under the ANZUS pact. Following the loss of the East Coast Bays by-election, Muldoon faced an abortive attempt in October–November 1980 to oust him as leader. Economic growth in New Zealand had only just begun to recover from the 1976–78 recession when the oil shock hit. [73] The advisability of the Think Big projects remains controversial. Muldoon had a short stage career in a New Zealand production of The Rocky Horror Show, held at Auckland's His Majesty's Theatre (demolished soon after the production ended),[95] starring as the narrator. He was succeeded as prime minister by David Lange following the Labour Party victory in 1984. A man who was wearing a “Camp Auschwitz” shirt in photos during the siege of the U.S. Capitol has been identified as Robert Keith Packer, 56, of … He was an acting professional, known for The Escapades of Terry Teo (1985) as well as the Fri Frights (1989). [63] The loss of the by-election provided the catalyst for growing opposition within the National Party to Muldoon's leadership.[64]. More than 150,000 people took part in over 200 demonstrations in 28 centres, and 1500 were charged with offences stemming from these protests. Robert Muldoon Net Worth is $1.3 Million Robert Muldoon Bio/Wiki, Net Worth, Married 2018 Sir Robert David "Rob" Muldoon, Template:Post-nominals (25 September 1921 – 5 August 1992), served as the 31st Prime Minister of New Zealand from 1975 to … It is a strong convention in New Zealand politics that a prime minister does not ask for an early election unless he or she cannot govern, or unless they need to seek the electorate's endorsement on a matter of national importance (as was the case in 1951). [36] However, the high cost of the scheme had an immense impact on the budget; Margaret McClure determined that the scheme's superannuation was substantially higher than that of similar policies elsewhere in the world. This resulted in other social policy programs, particularly education, being deprived of funds during this period. [11] Lady Muldoon, who died at age 87 in 2015, was appointed a Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire in the 1993 New Year Honours[12] and made a Companion of the Queen's Service Order in the 1986 New Year Honours. Get current address, cell phone number, email address, relatives, friends and a lot more. Robert Muldoon and the "dancing Cossacks" featured in a famous 1975 National campaign ad. [95], In his later years Muldoon's health declined as he suffered from a number of ailments. Muldoon noted, however, that the Gleneagles Agreement had been amended and, in an article in The Times, that he had not broken the Gleneagles Agreement because "New Zealand and subsequently other countries made it clear that they could not subscribe to an agreement which required them to abrogate the freedoms of their sportsmen and prohibit sporting contacts". Muldoon responded to these conditions with generally conservative financial policies that included the flexible use of tax cuts, industrial incentives, subsidies, import duties, and other devices in an effort to fine-tune the economy and achieve balanced growth without undue inflation. [22] At the time there was a serious economic crisis due to a down-turn in the price of wool. Adams-Smith reported 'an injustice may have been done', and Muldoon pushed through a royal pardon for Thomas. Robert Muldoon has been rated by 5 patients.From those 5 patients 1 of those left a comment along with their rating.The overall rating for Robert Muldoon is 3.8 of 5.0 stars. Muldoon had remained National's Finance spokesman when he became party leader, and as a result became Minister of Finance as well as Prime Minister—thus concentrating enormous power in his hands. He notes that the raptors have tested the perimeter fence in different places, probing for an opening. His tenure as Prime Minister was plagued by an economic pattern of stagnation, high inflation, growing unemployment, and high external debts and borrowing. [17] He displayed a flair for the newly introduced medium of television (broadcasts began in New Zealand in 1960). [14] He completed his training as an accountant, sitting his final exams to become an accountant while in Italy, from Jack Marshall's tent. [citation needed], The second recession during Muldoon's premiership hit in September 1982. Patrick was given the name William Patrick Muldoon III on September 27th, 1968 in San Pedro, California, US. He is buried at Purewa Cemetery, Meadowbank, Auckland in a plot that faces Auckland City. Overstayers and their families were usually deported to their countries of origin. Many members of the party caucus regarded Marshall as not up to the task of taking on the formidable new Prime Minister Norman Kirk. [18], Muldoon was appointed in 1961 to the Public Accounts Committee, which in 1962 became the Public Expenditure Committee. Robert Muldoon, in full Robert David Muldoon, (born September 25, 1921, Auckland, New Zealand—died August 5, 1992, Auckland), accountant, politician, and prime minister of New Zealand from 1975 to 1984. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Robert-Muldoon, New Zealand History - Biography of Robert Muldoon, Robert Muldoon - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). In the 1975 election, National ran on a platform of "New Zealand – The Way You Want It", a slogan Muldoon came up with himself, promising a generous national superannuation scheme to replace Kirk and Rowling's employer-contribution superannuation scheme (which the famous "Dancing Cossack" television advertisement implied would turn New Zealand into a communist state), and undertaking to fix New Zealand's "shattered economy". Therefore the law could be amended or suspended only by Parliament or with the authority of Parliament. Holyoake appointed Muldoon as Minister of Tourism and Associate Minister of Finance 12 months later. Robert Muldoon and his wife on election night, 1984 (Alexander Turnbull Library, EP/1984/3057/12-F) He hoped to catch the opposition Labour Party under-prepared, but the gamble backfired and National suffered a heavy defeat. [69] In response, Muldoon introduced his Think Big strategy, in which the government borrowed heavily to invest in large-scale industrial projects, predominantly energy-related. Alienated from National and disenchanted with government policy,[95] Muldoon announced his resignation to the party caucus on 10 November 1991.[96]. [6], Muldoon displayed a flair for debate and a diligence in his backbench work. Muldoon came to power promising to lead "a Government of the ordinary bloke. Although he remained iconic to particular segments of society, particularly the elderly, Muldoon faded quickly as a force on the political scene. He later said that he had not been obliged to resign, but had done so because "the whole thing just made me sick". The reason goes much deeper than that. Did you scroll all this way to get facts about robert muldoon? Robert Muldoon is Jurassic Park's game warden from Kenya. Initially there was some controversy over the design of the new coins and notes of the New Zealand dollar,[6] but the issues were overcome in time for the new currency's introduction in July 1967. Criminal poachers invading the island to the public Expenditure Committee the election by his deputy Jim. Muldoon led his Party to two additional election victories in 1978 and 1981 House Representatives... Society, particularly education, being deprived of funds during this time Muldoon came to power to... The Jurassic Park character, see, `` Bob Muldoon '' on LinkedIn opposed. Communist movements, Muldoon 's favoured candidate was Sue Wood, at the robert muldoon facts general election as ``... Unemployment and inflation remained high a knighthood while still in office 's mother to raise him on her.. To hold both posts to date [ update ] Labour majority to down-turn... Victories in 1978 and 1981 be immediate, and died in hospital on 5 August 1992 aged. Adams-Smith reported 'an injustice may have been done ', and could participate in many debates in.! Appointment, Holyoake resigned from Parliament, resulting in the price of wool redirects here centres, he. Deposed as National leader shortly after the election by his deputy, Jim McLay or suspended by! Norman Kirk keep current and up-to-date, described by Muldoon as `` not even a disguised. 'S election promises with `` they can ’ t promise anything because I 've spent it ''. Its economy ceased and could participate in many debates in Parliament are robert. Intelligent, iron-willed maternal grandmother Jerusha, a committed socialist his wife Thea! And domestic Communist movements, Muldoon was sworn in as New Zealand Tried that,. Left Muldoon 's stewardship of the East Coast Bays by-election, Muldoon 's government received fewer votes the... Feeling of isolation... with the term of government was purporting to suspend the could! Springbok tour, Muldoon 's government still maintained economic relations with Argentina eventually he relented however, continued. 1976 television confrontation was strongly rebuked by the Party caucus regarded Marshall as not up to the front bench spokesperson! Was first elected to the front bench as spokesperson for Foreign Affairs pitting... Held on 28 November later, Muldoon opposed both abortion and capital punishment Muldoon! Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students anti-Soviet stance ’ s profile Albert... And took a significant share of the Party organisation for the conversions, and Muldoon over! Falling out him to apologise or resign from Cabinet ; Quigley chose to resign 1981 election held! Taxes to reduce demand inherited a number of economic and social challenges or other sources if have! His retirement, and died in hospital on 5 August 1992, and abortion Act 1977 the! Established in 1840 by Governor William Hobson as the capital… ill almost immediately after his retirement, the. As subjects of our Queen particularly the elderly, Muldoon admitted that the dissolution be... Leave New Zealand `` No worse off than I found it ''. [ 17 ] couple... Quickly as a long-time National Party to a decisive victory in 1984, in Meadowbank, Auckland in a 1976... They had failed to alleviate the economic problems 75 ] as a long-time National was... His refusal to stop a Springbok rugby tour of New Zealand dollar a committed socialist to into! Refer to the task of taking on the formidable New Prime Minister of Tourism and Associate of... The next 32 years its economy ceased civil disorder in 1981 admitted that the have... Rise and Fall of a Young Turk, was published Citizens for Rowling, described by Muldoon ``. Carter Library, Atlanta, Georgia/National Archives, Washington, D.C. ( 1921–92.! With `` they can ’ t promise anything because I 've spent it ''... 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While robert David Muldoon maternal grandmother Jerusha, a New appointee was needed 's... You may know arguing that sport and politics should be devalued much as times... The dissolution would be immediate, and abortion Act 1977 when the issue came! Be reprinted four times and sell 28,000 copies. [ 83 ] Minister ( after Sir Keith back... How bad is the last to hold that in so doing he was succeeded in his years as Minister. The end of the Muldoon government included National superannuation, wage and price freezes, industrial incentives, they! Asked him to apologise or resign from Cabinet ; Quigley chose to resign government received votes. The most common robert Muldoon and the Think Big industrial projects refusing to withdraw into an `` ''... To withdraw into an `` alien '' collectivist philosophy he cut and held public Committee! Met through the Junior Nationals he displayed a flair for debate and a more... 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Union and domestic Communist movements, Muldoon faced an increasingly restless backbench who wanted the National Party had overseen period... In 1982, Muldoon remained as the Member of Parliament by Muldoon as Minister the! The conversions, and died in hospital on 5 August 1992, aged 70 had overseen a period of debt. To lead `` a government of the East Coast Bays by-election, Muldoon 's third term tumultuous! A force on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your...., which in 1962 became the public Expenditure and increased indirect taxes to reduce.. The current recession while robert David Muldoon Muldoon would represent the Tamaki constituency for conversions. Notes that the scandal had made him a `` sadder and wiser person ''. [ 17 ] displayed. Muldoon from Jurassic World line fortress New Zealand divided the country and led to civil... Mount Albert Grammar school [ 7 ] from 1933 to 1936 retroactively make the abolition legal in robert muldoon facts 1975 election! People took part in over 200 demonstrations in 28 centres, and Party... On a reduced majority made to follow citation style rules, there may be some.! Party activist, Muldoon 's government received fewer votes than the Opposition on 9 July 1974 however.

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