Even technical crew members, such as model makers, were asked for autographs, and cast members became instant household names; when Ford visited a record store to buy an album, enthusiastic fans tore half his shirt off. It is the first film in the Star Wars original trilogy. So in regards to Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope Step 1 is to determine who the hero of the myth is which is Luke Skywalker; he is both the hero and the protagonist of the story. ", During the writing of the third draft, Lucas hired conceptual artist Ralph McQuarrie to create paintings of certain scenes, several of which Lucas included with his screenplay when he delivered it to 20th Century-Fox. For the fourth film released, see. Ok, ok, I know Ahsoka left the order before this but I just had to add her in this story. In a time of conflict, a group of unlikely heroes band together on a mission to steal the plans to the Death Star, the Empire's ultimate weapon of destruction. , Charles Lippincott was the marketing director for Star Wars. Kurtz said in 2002, "That would be laughable today." To resolve the problem, he worked the lighting into the sets by chopping in its walls, ceiling and floors. While Fox requested Mann's Chinese Theatre, the studio promised that the film needed only two weeks. The company had spent half of its budget on four shots that Lucas deemed unacceptable. The script was adapted by E. Jack Kaplan and Cheryl Gard. The word for this movie is fun. Fearing that the film would fail, Lucas had made plans to be in Hawaii with his wife Marcia. He was eligible for either of the two roles: Chewbacca or Darth Vader. We had Westerns, pirate movies, all kinds of great things. Celebrating the Star Wars/Simpsons Connection", "Lightsabre wins the battle of movie weapons", "The Best Sci-Fi Characters of All Time: the verdict", "Two Legendary Forces Unite to Honor 30th Anniversary of, Blockbuster: How Hollywood Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Summer, "The film that changed my life: Gareth Edwards", "Why Disney Fired John Lasseter – And How He Came Back to Heal the Studio", "Christopher Nolan's Star Wars Inspiration", "An American Mythology: Why Star Wars Still Matters", "Star Wars Turns 35: How TIME Covered the Film Phenomenon", "AFI's 100 Years... 100 Heroes & Villains", "AFI's 100 Years... 100 Movies (10th Anniversary Edition)", "Frankly My Dear, The Force is With Them as Gone With the Wind and Star Wars are the Top Two All Time Favorite Movies", "The First Star Wars sequel: Inside the writing of Splinter of the Mind's Eye", Star Wars: Return of the Jedi – Death Star Battle, From Star Wars to Jedi: The Making of a Saga, Hugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation, The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring, Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award for Best Film, The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King, Saturn Award for Best Science Fiction Film, Star Wars: Episode III – Revenge of the Sith, Star Wars: Episode II – Attack of the Clones, Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Star_Wars_(film)&oldid=1002043694, Films that won the Best Costume Design Academy Award, Films that won the Best Original Score Academy Award, Films that won the Best Sound Editing Academy Award, Films that won the Best Sound Mixing Academy Award, Films that won the Best Visual Effects Academy Award, Films whose art director won the Best Art Direction Academy Award, Films whose editor won the Best Film Editing Academy Award, Hugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation winning works, Nebula Award for Best Script-winning works, United States National Film Registry films, Best Science Fiction Film Saturn Award winners, Pages containing links to subscription-only content, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2014, Official website different in Wikidata and Wikipedia, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, George Lucas (Alan Dean Foster), Donald F. Glut & James Kahn (2017): Star Wars: Original Trilogy (, This page was last edited on 22 January 2021, at 15:41. , The film was a huge success for 20th Century-Fox, and was credited for reinvigorating the company. The Death Star has a docking bay reminiscent of the one on the orbiting space station in 2001. , Tatooine is similar to the desert planet of Arrakis from Frank Herbert's Dune series. Ahsoka Tano & Original Character (s) Leia Organa & Luke Skywalker & Ahsoka Tano. But some actors really need a lot of pampering and a lot of feedback, and if they don't get it, they get paranoid that they might not be doing a good job." , Lucas went to United Artists and showed them the script for American Graffiti, but they passed on the film, which was then picked up by Universal Pictures.  The film was released for the first time on DVD on September 21, 2004, in a box set with The Empire Strikes Back, Return of the Jedi, and a bonus disc of supplementary material. In many cases, entire scenes had to be reconstructed from their individual elements. Lucas also wanted the spaceships to look "cobbled together, as opposed to a sleek monoshape. , On the recommendation of his friend Steven Spielberg, George Lucas hired composer John Williams. Williams had worked with Spielberg on the film Jaws, for which he won an Academy Award.  Kaminski, however, points out that all early drafts carry an "Episode One" subtitle, and that even early drafts of the sequel are called "Episode II.". ILM began its work on Star Wars in a warehouse in Van Nuys. The DVD features a commentary track from Lucas, Ben Burtt, Dennis Muren, and Carrie Fisher. ", The Elstree sets designed by John Barry, according to Gilbert Taylor, "were like a coal mine." Leia's schematics reveal a hidden weakness in the Death Star's thermal exhaust port, which could allow the Rebels to trigger a chain reaction in its main reactor with a precise torpedo strike. The most significant material cut was a series of scenes from the first part of the film which introduced Luke Skywalker. Ladd reluctantly agreed to release an extra $20,000 funding and in early 1977 second unit filming completed a number of sequences including exterior desert shots for Tatooine in Death Valley and China Lake Acres in California, and exterior Yavin jungle shots in Guatemala, along with additional studio footage to complete the Mos Eisley Cantina sequence. " In 2013, Dark Horse Comics published a comic adaption of the original screenplay's plot.  Lucas later stated that he had wanted to make it look like outer space. In 2013, Star Wars was dubbed into Navajo, making it the first major motion picture translated into a Native American language. There are certain traditional aspects of the genre I wanted to keep and help perpetuate in Star Wars. But there are many useful variants out there to help us understand how writers think of and utilize these archetypes to create the characters that we know and love. " After several scenes were filmed against the volcanic canyons outside Tozeur, production moved to Matmata to film Luke's home on Tatooine. All character tropes should go on the Star Wars character pages. , —Roger Ebert, in his review for the Chicago Sun-Times, The film was met with critical acclaim upon its release. After the film's smash success, Lucasfilm announced that Lucas had already written "twelve stories in the Adventures of Luke Skywalker" which, according to Kurtz, were set to be "separate adventures rather than direct sequels. " In 2012, the Star Wars action figures were inducted into the National Toy Hall of Fame. Released in 1979, the 24-page Star Wars read-along book was accompanied by a 33⅓ rpm 7-inch phonograph record. He changed Starkiller to an adolescent boy, and he shifted the general into a supporting role as a member of a family of dwarfs. , Star Wars launched the careers of many of the film's actors: Mark Hamill (Luke Skywalker), Harrison Ford (Han Solo), Carrie Fisher (Princess Leia), Peter Mayhew (Chewbacca), Anthony Daniels (C-3PO), and James Earl Jones (voice of Darth Vader). Exclusive T-shirts to Commemorate DVD Release, Bring the Complete Collection Home: Star Wars: The Complete Saga on Blu-Ray, Tangled Rights Could Tie Up Ultimate 'Star Wars' Box Set (Analysis), The Walt Disney Company To Acquire Twenty-First Century Fox, Inc., After Spinoff Of Certain Businesses, For $52.4 Billion In Stock, Disney Closes $71.3 Billion Fox Deal, Creating Global Content Powerhouse, Exclusive: Disney are working on a 4K Blu-ray box set for Star Wars: The Skywalker Saga (updated), Star Wars Episode IV – A New Hope – Box Office Mojo, All Time Box Office Adjusted for Ticket Price Inflation. Lucas would later claim he wanted to superimpose a stop-motion creature over the actor - which he did in the 1997 Special Edition with a computer-generated version of Jabba. The droids are captured by Jawa traders, who sell them to moisture farmers Owen and Beru Lars and their nephew Luke Skywalker. From Lucasfilm comes the first of the Star Wars standalone films, \"Rogue One: A Star Wars Story,\" an all-new epic adventure.  Finally, along with Steven Spielberg's Jaws, it shifted the film industry's focus away from personal filmmaking of the 1970s and towards fast-paced, big-budget blockbusters for younger audiences. In addition, the sequence was partially inspired by the climax of the film 633 Squadron (1964), directed by Walter Grauman, in which RAF de Havilland Mosquitos attack a German heavy water plant by flying down a narrow fjord to drop special bombs at a precise point, while avoiding anti-aircraft guns and German fighters. , Some critics have blamed Star Wars, as well as Jaws, for ruining Hollywood by shifting its focus from "sophisticated" films such as The Godfather, Taxi Driver, and Annie Hall to films about spectacle and juvenile fantasy. Christian wanted the interior of the Falcon to look like that of a submarine. By February 1977, a half million copies had been sold. , The film also received twelve nominations at the Saturn Awards, winning nine: Best Science Fiction Film, Best Direction and Best Writing for George Lucas, Best Supporting Actor for Alec Guinness, Best Music for John Williams, Best Costume for John Mollo, Best Make-up for Rick Baker and Stuart Freeborn, Best Special Effects for John Dykstra and John Stears, and Outstanding Editing for Paul Hirsch, Marcia Lucas and Richard Chew. and being answered that Lucas wanted "to give the audience a feeling that they'd missed something and that they were coming into the middle of this story" or that it was "the most commercial section" of the overriding story. the Extra-Terrestrial (1982). The recording was produced by George Lucas and Alan Livingston, and was narrated by Roscoe Lee Browne.  Approximately 60 theaters played the film continuously for over a year; in 1978, Lucasfilm distributed "Birthday Cake" posters to those theaters for special events on May 25, the one-year anniversary of the film's release. " In an opposing view, Tom Shone wrote that through Star Wars and Jaws, Lucas and Spielberg "didn't betray cinema at all: they plugged it back into the grid, returning the medium to its roots as a carnival sideshow, a magic act, one big special effect", which was "a kind of rebirth. Rice's response to her brief was to use an outlined, modified Helvetica Black. Star Wars (retroactively titled Star Wars: Episode IV – A New Hope) is a 1977 American epic space-opera film written and directed by George Lucas, produced by Lucasfilm and distributed by 20th Century Fox. In 1983, the final installment of the trilogy, Return of the Jedi, was released.  To commemorate the film's 30th anniversary in May 2007, the United States Postal Service issued a set of 15 stamps depicting the characters of the franchise. The massive rebel hangar set was housed at a second sound stage at Shepperton Studios; the stage was the largest in Europe at the time. While Han abandons the Rebels after collecting his reward for rescuing Leia, Luke joins their starfighter squadron in a desperate attack against the approaching Death Star. I discovered that he'd got his inspiration from the works of Edgar Rice Burroughs (author of Tarzan) and especially from his John Carter of Mars series books. ", In 1989, the 1977 theatrical version of Star Wars was selected for preservation by the National Film Registry of the United States Library of Congress.  He said, "The crawl is such a hard thing because you have to be careful that you're not using too many words that people don't understand. Before the Falcon can reach Alderaan, Death Star commander Grand Moff Tarkin interrogates Leia about the location of the Rebels's secret base, with the threat of destroying her home planet, and, when she answers that the base is on Dantooine, he orders Alderaan destroyed simply as a show of force. " Barry, Christian, and their team began designing the props and sets at Elstree Studios. While cleaning R2-D2, Luke accidentally triggers part of a holographic recording of Leia, in which she requests help from Obi-Wan Kenobi. Christian recounted in 2014: "George came to the set I was doing, it was an old salt factory design and he helped me shovel salt, just like two students in plaid shirts and sneakers. , Lucas commissioned computer programmer Larry Cuba to create the animated Death Star plans shown at the rebel base on Yavin 4. It's always been what you might call a good idea in search of a story. There were too many story lines to keep straight: the robots and the Princess, Vader, Luke. They marched backward through the looking-glass. Explore all of Wookieepedia's media for this article subject: Wookieepedia is a FANDOM Movies Community. Door opened, and George walked in with Gary behind him. , The film also spawned the Star Wars Holiday Special, which debuted on CBS on November 17, 1978 and is often considered a failure; Lucas himself disowned it.  Moreover, a rare Tunisian rainstorm struck the country, which further disrupted filming. As 20th Century-Fox gave little support for marketing beyond licensing T-shirts and posters, Lippincott was forced to look elsewhere.  When actor Anthony Daniels wore the C-3PO outfit for the first time in Tunisia, the left leg piece shattered down through the plastic covering his left foot, stabbing him. , After two and a half weeks of filming in Tunisia, production moved to Elstree Studios, near London. He said, 'Yeah, yeah, I've seen it four times already. " Taylor was aware of the "enormous amount of process work" to follow principal photography and believed "a crisp result would help. , While impressed with the "innocence of the story, plus the sophistication of the world" of the film, United Artists declined to budget the film.  Additional nominations included Alec Guinness for Best Actor in a Supporting Role, which went to Jason Robards for Julia and George Lucas for Best Original Screenplay, Best Director, and Best Picture, which were instead awarded to Woody Allen's Annie Hall.  Additional scenes for Tatooine were filmed at Death Valley in North America.  Some of the dialogue in The Dam Busters is repeated in the Star Wars climax; Gilbert Taylor also filmed the special effects sequences in The Dam Busters. It's like a poem." A lot of actors don't mind—they don't care, they just get on with it. ", Star Wars required extensive recovery of misplaced footage and restoration of the whole film before Lucas's Special Edition modifications could be attempted. Fox released A New Hope for digital download on April 10, 2015.  Writing for The New York Times, Frank DeCaro said, "Star Wars littered pop culture of the late 1970s with a galaxy of space junk. This is a list of Star Wars cast members who voiced or portrayed characters appearing in … ", Lucas began writing in January 1973, "eight hours a day, five days a week", by taking small notes, inventing odd names and assigning them possible characterizations. Lucas believed that "what is required for true credibility is a used future", opposing the interpretation of "future in most futurist movies" that "always looks new and clean and shiny. In contrast, Ladd and the other studio executives loved the film; Gareth Wigan told Lucas: "This is the greatest film I've ever seen" and cried during the screening. ", There were also concerns regarding the project's potentially high budget.  Originally, Lucas's first choice for the position was Geoffrey Unsworth, who also provided the cinematography for Stanley Kubrick's 2001: A Space Odyssey. " For two weeks, Lucas and his crew "didn't really do anything except kind of pull together new budget figures." Where are the romance, the adventure, and the fun that used to be in practically every movie made?  Walt Disney Productions also turned down the film. He secured deals with Marvel Comics for a comic book adaptation, and with Del Rey Books for a novelization. " A.D. Murphy of Variety described the film as "magnificent" and said George Lucas had succeeded in his attempt to create the "biggest possible adventure fantasy" based on the serials and older action epics from his childhood. This difference was later settled by 20th Century-Fox executives, who backed Taylor's suggestion. Before she is captured, Leia hides the plans in the memory of astromech droid R2-D2, who flees in an escape pod to the desert planet Tatooine accompanied by protocol droid C-3PO. The record was produced by Buena Vista Records, and its content was copyrighted by Black Falcon, Ltd., a subsidiary of Lucasfilm "formed to handle the merchandising for Star Wars. " He said that "science fiction wasn't popular in the mid-'70s ... what seems to be the case generally is that the studio executives are looking for what was popular last year, rather than trying to look forward to what might be popular next year. " After attempting to persuade Jympson to cut the film his way, Lucas replaced him with Paul Hirsch, Richard Chew and his then-wife, Marcia Lucas, who was also cutting the film New York, New York (1977) with Lucas's friend Martin Scorsese. Hardware Wars, released in 1978, was one of the first fan films to parody Star Wars. 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